Mercy and Enemies

The reality of persecution raises important questions. How should disciples of Jesus react, especially when persecuted by the State? Is resorting to anger or acts of civil disobedience appropriate, or should they instead emulate examples from the life of Christ? In his teachings, he warned that all men who decide to follow him would experience “tribulation,” and he summoned them to follow his path (“If they persecuted me, so they will persecute you”).

His disciple must conform his or her life to his example by “taking up the cross.” If he refuses to do so, he is “not worthy of me.” It is a “blessing” and not a curse to suffer for him, although this is contrary to the “wisdom of this world” - (Matthew 16:24).

Mercy - Photo by Louis Hansel on Unsplash
[Mercy - Photo by Louis Hansel on Unsplash]

His disciple is called to “
rejoice and be glad” when persecuted since “great is his reward in heaven.” Following Jesus causes opposition, thus his followers should not be surprised when persecution comes. However, the mind dominated by sin sees suffering as a curse.

Only the eye of faith perceives that persecution produces everlasting rewards in the “age to come,” and his teachings about suffering and persecution are echoed in the writings of the Apostles.

For example, the Assembly in Thessalonica received the Gospel in “much tribulation,” nevertheless, its members welcomed the message despite hostility. In this way, they became “imitators” of him. Instead of anger or dismay, they accepted a way of discipleship characterized by suffering - (1 Thessalonians 1:6-8).

By enduring persecution, the Thessalonians became “imitators” of the earlier saints “in Judea…who suffered the same things by their own fellow countrymen” - (1 Thessalonians 2:14-16).

After being compelled to leave Thessalonica, Paul sent Timothy to assess the situation. He wanted no one to “shrink back in these tribulations. For you yourselves know that we are appointed for this… WE ARE DESTINED TO SUFFER TRIBULATION.”

Years later, he expressed similar sentiments to Timothy, and he pointed to his sufferings as a pattern for other believers to imitate, for “all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted” - (2 Timothy 3:10-12).

The Biblical hope is forward-looking. Final rewards are received in the “age to come.” Suffering in the present is not pleasant, but it “is a slight momentary affliction preparing us for an everlasting weight of glory beyond all comparison” - (2 Corinthians 4:17, Revelation 22:12).

Biblically speaking, suffering “unjustly” is a sign of divine approval, evidence that one is a true follower of Jesus. “When you do right and suffer for it patiently, you have God's approval.” To endure rejection is what it means to follow the Lord who “also suffered for you, leaving you an example to follow.” God has GRACED us to suffer for His kingdom - (Philippians 1:28-29, 1 Peter 2:19-20).


Being human, we instinctively respond in kind to personal and corporate attacks. Society sees self-defense and retaliation as necessary and even morally praiseworthy reactions to threats and assaults. Nevertheless, Jesus prohibited his disciples from retaliating, and he provided no exceptions to the rule. Revenge may be the “way the world works,” but his disciple is called to something quite different.

When we are persecuted, we are to “love our enemies and pray for those who persecute us.” It is by showing mercy to our enemy that we emulate God and become “perfect” like Him - (Matthew 5:44-48).

Likewise, Paul exhorted disciples to “bless them that persecute, bless and do not curse.”  They are to “render no one evil for evil.” God’s justice is not blind, but the disciple must “not avenge” himself. Instead, he must leave justice in the hands of the God who will “repay” if, how, and when He sees fit - (Romans 12:14-21).

Peter pointed to the death of Jesus as the ultimate example of how believers are to respond to hostility and persecutors, for “this you have been called because Christ also suffered for you leaving an example” - (1 Peter 2:19-23).

We respond to evil with evil when we view opponents as “enemies”. But we must recall what we once were. No one is born a disciple. We are all converts.  Previously, we were “enemies” of God, and we were only reconciled to Him “by the death of his Son.” He died for us “while we were yet sinners” - (Romans 5:6-10).

Mercy - Photo by Marcos Paulo Prado on Unsplash
[Photo by Marcos Paulo Prado on Unsplash]

Our true “
enemies” are not “blood and flesh, but the principalities, the authorities, the world-holders of this darkness.” Human agents unwittingly carry out acts of aggression on behalf of their demonic overlords. On the Cross, Jesus did not overthrow the political enemies of Israel; he triumphed over “the principalities and powers” that enslave humanity.

In Jesus, God is reconciling fallen men to Himself and has bequeathed the ministry of reconciliation to the Assembly. Since we have received mercy, who better to show mercy to our persecutors?

When persecution does come, we must not respond with belligerence, civil disobedience, and especially not with violence.  We cannot “overcome evil with evil.” When we react to hostility with rage and violence, Satan triumphs, and we demonstrate just whose disciple we are.

  • Perfected Disciples - (Mercy and love are defining characteristics of his disciples and reflect the true nature of his Father – Matthew 5:43-48)
  • Following Jesus - (Jesus submitted to a shameful death on the Cross and summons his disciples to follow his example and path)
  • Suffering for Him - (To follow Jesus requires the willingness to suffer for his sake, and enduring persecution is the highest honor imaginable in his Kingdom)



Salvation for the Nations

His Name is Jesus